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Comparing the baptism of John & the baptism of Jesus (Mark 1:8)

19 Jun

I found myself in Mark 1:1-11 this week as I started a new sermon series in the Gospel of Mark. In verse eight, John the Baptizer makes a curious statement, “I have baptized you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.” To help me make sense of this statement, I made the following chart to compare and contrast these two baptisms.

 

 

Baptism of John

Baptism of Jesus

Audience

Seekers:

those who were waiting for the Messiah to come

Believers:

those who believed the message of the gospel; that Jesus died for our sins

Medium

Water

John baptized people in the Jordan River

Holy Spirit:

Jesus’ baptism would not take place until the Book of Acts, following the resurrection

Evidence

Outward sign:

when you come up out of the water, you appear wet, a sure sign of baptism

Inward reality:

when the Holy Spirit takes control of your life, you appear different from the inside out

Significance

Ceremonial:

the process of being baptized by another person

Supernatural:

something that only God can do

Temporary:

your wet condition will not last forever as you will eventually become dry

Permanent:

God’s promise is that he will not leave us or forsake us; once the Holy Spirit takes up residence, he abides with us

Purpose

Preparation:

John’s baptism got people ready to meet the Messiah

Power:

Jesus promised that we would receive power when the Holy Spirit came (Acts 1:8); this power would enable us to live the Christian life and to be witnesses for Christ

 

 

 
2 Comments

Posted by on June 19, 2011 in Bible Study, Preaching, Scripture

 

2 responses to “Comparing the baptism of John & the baptism of Jesus (Mark 1:8)

  1. Steve Finnell

    February 9, 2015 at 11:16 am

    MAN-MADE REASONS FOR WATER BAPTISM BY STEVE FINNELL

    The one thing you will notice about man-made reasons for water baptism is there are no Scripture references given.

    1. Baptism is in order to wash away original sin. No Scripture reference.

    2. Baptism is in order to join the denomination of your choice. No Scripture reference.

    3. Baptism is for a testimony of faith. No Scripture reference.

    4. Baptism is in order to honor the command by Jesus, however, there is no spiritual benefit. No Scripture reference.

    5. Baptism is an outward sign that that you were forgiven the minute you believed in Jesus. No Scripture reference.

    6. Baptism is because you were forgiven of sins before you were baptized. No Scripture reference.

    7. Baptism is for unbelieving infants so they can be confirmed at a later date. No Scripture reference.

    8. Baptism is order to wash away your guilt from Adam’s sin. No Scripture reference.

    9. Baptism is not for the forgiveness of sin it simply an act of obedience. No Scripture reference.

    10. Baptism is a work of the Law of Moses, and is not essential for salvation under the new covenant. No Scripture reference.

    11. Buried through baptism describes being buried under a sprinkling of water. No Scripture reference.

    12. Baptism is in order to join the local church, however, baptism is not essential in order to enter heaven. No Scripture reference.

    YOU ARE INVITED TO FOLLOW MY BLOG. http://steve-finnell.blogspot.com

     
    • wheelsms

      February 9, 2015 at 3:19 pm

      While I appreciate the comment, I don’t understand what you are trying to refute. None of your points are listed in my blog post.

      When I teach a class on baptism, I give people a handout with all the biblical reasons and references for the practice.

      The FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) About BAPTISM

      1. WHY SHOULD I BE BAPTIZED?

      • To follow the example set by Jesus

      Mark 1:9
      In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan.

      Matthew 3:16
      And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him;

      • Because Christ commanded it.

      Matthew 28:19–20
      Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

      • Christ approved of his disciples baptizing

      John 4:1–2
      Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John (although Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples),

      • It demonstrates I am a believer

      Acts 18:8
      Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Lord, together with his entire household. And many of the Corinthians hearing Paul believed and were baptized.

      1 John 2:3
      And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments.

      • The early church placed an important emphasis upon baptism

      Acts 2:38, 41; 8:12-13, 36, 38; 9:18; 10:47-48; 16:15, 33; 18:8; 19:5

      2. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF BAPTISM?

      • Baptism is associated with:

      o Forgiveness

      Acts 2:38
      And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

      Acts 22:16
      And now why do you wait? Rise and be baptized and wash away your sins, calling on his name.’

      o Union with Christ

      Romans 6:1–10
      6:1 What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? 2 By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it? 3 Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 4 We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.
      5 For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we shall certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his. 6 We know that our old self was crucified with him in order that the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin. 7 For one who has died has been set free from sin. 8 Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him. 9 We know that Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. 10 For the death he died he died to sin, once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God.

      Galatians 3:27 (ESV)
      For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

      o Making disciples

      Matthew 28:19–20
      Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

      o Repentance

      Acts 2:38 (ESV)
      And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

      • Baptism illustrates:

      o Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection.

      1 Corinthians 15:3-4
      . . . Christ died for our sins . . . he was buried . . . he was raised on the third day . . .

      Colossians 2:12
      having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the powerful working of God, who raised him from the dead.

      o A new life as a Christian.

      2 Corinthians 5:17
      Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come.

      Romans 6:4
      We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.

      Baptism doesn’t make you a believer—it shows you already believe. Baptism does not “save” you, only your faith in Christ does that. There is a sense in which baptism is like a wedding ring—it is the outward symbol of the commitment you made in your heart.

      Ephesians 2:8–9
      For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

      3. WHO SHOULD BE BAPTIZED?

      • Every person who has believed in Christ.

      Acts 2:41
      So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls.

      Acts 8:12–13
      But when they believed Philip as he preached good news about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. Even Simon himself believed, and after being baptized he continued with Philip. And seeing signs and great miracles performed, he was amazed.

      • What about children?

      Children should be old enough to believe and understand the true meaning of salvation and baptism before being baptized.

      • Arguments for believers’ baptism, and against infant baptism

      Some churches practice a “baptism of confirmation” for children. This ceremony is intended to be a covenant between the parents and God on the behalf of the child. The parents promise to raise their child in the faith until the child is old enough to make his own personal confession of Christ. This custom began to be routinely practiced about 300 years after the Bible was completed.

      This is different from the baptism talked about in the Bible which was only for those old enough to believe. The purpose of baptism is to publicly confess your personal commitment to Christ.

      o The Scriptural order is always believe and then be baptized

      Matthew 3:2–6
      2 “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” 3 For this is he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah when he said,
      “The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
      ‘Prepare the way of the Lord;
      make his paths straight.’ ”
      4 Now John wore a garment of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey. 5 Then Jerusalem and all Judea and all the region about the Jordan were going out to him, 6 and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.

      Acts 2:37–38
      Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?” And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

      Acts 16:14–15
      One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of purple goods, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord opened her heart to pay attention to what was said by Paul. And after she was baptized, and her household as well, she urged us, saying, “If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come to my house and stay.” And she prevailed upon us.

      o Baptism is the initiatory rite into a believing community, the church; therefore it should only be done to believers. By contrast, circumcision initiated people (including infants) into a theocracy which did have unbelievers in it.

      o The age of children is never mentioned in any passage that mentions household baptism. But it is said that all who were baptized in those households believed.

      4. WHEN SHOULD I BE BAPTIZED?

      • As soon as you have believed!

      Acts 2:41
      So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls.

      Acts 8:35–38
      Then Philip opened his mouth, and beginning with this Scripture he told him the good news about Jesus. And as they were going along the road they came to some water, and the eunuch said, “See, here is water! What prevents me from being baptized?” And he commanded the chariot to stop, and they both went down into the water, Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him.

      There is no reason to delay. As soon as you have decided to receive Christ into your life, you can and should be baptized. If you wait until you are “perfect,” or more spiritual, you’ll never feel “good enough” and you’ll never be “mature enough”!

      5. How should I be baptized?

      Throughout the centuries, various churches and denominations have practiced three different modes of baptism—sprinkling, pouring, and immersion.

      • The case for sprinkling

      Sprinkling best pictures the cleansing of the Spirit as in Ezekiel 36:25.
      I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you.

      The Greek word for baptism, “baptize,” may have a secondary meaning of “bringing under the influence,” and sprinkling can readily picture this.

      • The case for pouring (affusion)

      Pouring best pictures the ministry of the Spirit coming on and into the life of a believer.

      Joel 2:28–29
      28 “And it shall come to pass afterward,
      that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh;
      your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
      your old men shall dream dreams,
      and your young men shall see visions.
      29 Even on the male and female servants
      in those days I will pour out my Spirit.

      The phrases “into the water” and “out of the water” may equally well be translated “to the water” and “away from the water.”

      Drawings in the catacombs show the candidate for baptism standing about waist deep in water while the one doing the baptizing pours water over his head from a vessel he holds.

      • The case for immersion

      The primary meaning of “baptize,” (baptize) is “to immerse or dip under water.” In classical Greek, the word is used to describe the process of dipping a piece of cloth into dye. The Greek language has words for sprinkle and pour which are never used of baptism.

      o Immersion best pictures the significance of baptism which is death to the old life and resurrection to the new.

      Romans 6:1–4
      What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it? Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.

      o Christ was baptized by immersion

      Matthew 3:16 (ESV)
      And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him;

      o Every baptism in the New Testament was by immersion

      Acts 8:38–39
      And he commanded the chariot to stop, and they both went down into the water, Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him. And when they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord carried Philip away, and the eunuch saw him no more, and went on his way rejoicing.

      Since the primary meaning of baptize is to immerse, it is best symbolized by a burial and a resurrection!

      The founders of various denominations agree:

      “I would have those who are to be baptized to be entirely immersed, as the word imports and the mystery signifies.” Martin Luther – Lutherans

      “The word ‘baptize’ signifies to immerse. It is certain that immersion was the practice of the ancient church.” John Calvin – Presbyterians

      “Buried with him, alludes to baptizing by immersion according to the custom of the first church.” John Wesley – Methodists


      Questions to answer before being baptized

      How did you come to know Jesus Christ personally?

      How has your life been changed by Jesus Christ?

      Why do you want to be baptized?

      Do you believe Jesus Christ is God’s Son?

      Do you believe he died to pay the penalty for your sin and rose from the dead?

      Are you now confessing Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord?

      Testimony Guidelines

      Prepare a 2-3 minute testimony to share prior to being baptized. Tell how you came to faith in Jesus Christ and why you want to be baptized. Use the sheet below to help think through what you want to share.

      1. Before I met Christ, my life was . . .

      2. How I met Christ.

      3. What changes I have seen in my life.

      4. What Christ means to me today.

      5. What baptism means to me.

      6. Why I want to be baptized.

       

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